The Associated Press reported that Japanese officials
denied all the water has drained and said the reactor, known as
Unit 4, is stable.
Radiation at the Japanese site is fluctuating and at peak
levels is life-threatening, Jaczko said.
The peak levels “would be lethal within a fairly short
period of time,” he said. The pool at the plant’s Unit 3, which
was in service, may be cracked and losing water, Jaczko said.
U.S. citizens in the area have been urged to evacuate to 50
miles (80 kilometers) from the plant site, the same distance in
the event of a nuclear accident in the U.S., Jaczko said.
“We would recommend an evacuation to a much larger radius
than has currently been provided by Japan,” Jaczko said.
The NRC has 11 officials in Tokyo helping the Japanese
government respond to the nuclear crisis. Japanese officials are
injecting seawater into three reactors to try to keep them cool,
The earthquake and tsunami in Japan crippled Tokyo Electric
Power Co.’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant with explosions,
fires and radiation leaks. The containment vessels for the three
operating reactors are reportedly functional, Jaczko said.
Jaczko said U.S. nuclear plants remain safe, and harmful
radiation from damaged reactors in Japan isn’t expected to reach
the U.S. The U.S. power plants are designed to withstand natural
disasters, including earthquakes and tsunamis, Jaczko said.
“At this time we don’t have any specific actions that are
necessary to add to the safety” of U.S. reactors, he said. A
“thorough and systematic review” will be conducted after the
Japanese crisis passes for possible additional actions, he said.
By Simon Lomax
March 16 (Bloomberg) -- U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Chairman Gregory Jaczko said all the water has drained from the
spent-fuel pool at a crippled nuclear reactor in Japan,
resulting in the release of high levels of radiation.
“We believe that the secondary containment has been
destroyed and there is no water in the spent-fuel pool,” Jaczko
said today at a hearing of a House Energy and Commerece
The unit at the Fukushima Daiichi plant wasn’t operating at
the time of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami, Jaczko said.
The spent-fuel pool at the plant’s Unit 3, which was in
service, may be cracked and losing water, Jaczko said.
Придется запомнить цифры в США 9.11
1990 - 2011
2005 - 2011
Банк Японии уже влил в финансовую систему около 350 миллиардов долларов для стабилизации экономики в Японииosmar92 МегаБлог
2005 - 2011
Хронология- Япония-In English
Wire: Telegraph UK (TEL) Date: Mar 16 2011 15:17:59
Japan Earthquake: Live
March 16 (Telegraph) -- Here are the latest minute-by-minute
updates on the aftermath of the Japanese earthquake and tsunami
amid fears of a nuclear disaster.
• EU energy chief: Fukushima plant 'effectively out of
control'• Officials warn of new 'Chernobyl' disasterat Fukushima
• Emperor Akihito 'deeply concerned' during rare TV address•
FCO warns Britons to leave Tokyo and north-east Japan
• FTSE slumps another 1.7% - closing down 97.1 points to
19.14 Japanese residents are complaining of a lack of
information and sometimes conflicting accounts over the severity
of the nuclear crisis. Ross in Osaka wrote to the BBC saying:
The lack of details available - or what seemed misleading at
the time - encouraged me to leave the Hitachi area on Monday with
my wife and young child by car. Now we are staying with friends
in the Osaka area and have access to internet etc. Despite this
access to the media, I still feel in the dark. There are so many
opinions and suggestions, different governments giving varying
advice - nobody knows what is going to happen."
19.05 Lady Gaga, the singer, announces plans to raise money
for survivors of the earthquake and tsunami. The pop icon is
selling red and white wristbands bearing the message "We Pray for
Japan" for $5 a piece via her merchandise website. She tweeted:
"Monsters: in just 48 hrs you've raised a quarter of a
million dollars for Japan Relief"
19.03 The top US nuclear regulator tells Congress that
radiation levels around Japan's troubled nuclear power plant may
give emergency workers "lethal doses" of radiation, preventing
them from getting near the plant. Gregory Jaczko, head of the
Nuclear Regulatory Commission, told a House Energy and Commerce
We believe that around the reactor site there are high
levels of radiation. It would be very difficult for emergency
workers to get near the reactors. The doses they could experience
would potentially be lethal doses in a very short period of
18.58 A patient in a wheelchair is helped by attendants as
they evacuate from a tsunami-affected hospital at Otsuchi,
18.57 UK Foreign Office minister Jeremy Browne says the
advice to British nationals is "not an order" but that given the
situation "British nationals should consider leaving Tokyo and
northern Japan and that the capacity exists for them to do so".
He told the BBC that trains and planes were available at the
moment for people wishing to leave, but that "if the capacity
needs to be increased by the British government we will do that".
18.40 The operator of Japan's tsunami-crippled nuclear plant
says it has almost completed a new power line that could restore
electricity to the complex and solve the crisis that has
threatened a meltdown.
Tokyo Electric Power Co. spokesman Naoki Tsunoda said the
power line to Fukushima Dai-ichi is almost complete. Officials
plan to try it "as soon as possible" but he could not say when.
The new line would revive electric-powered pumps, allowing
the company to maintain a steady water supply to troubled
reactors and spent fuel storage ponds, keeping them cool.
18.28 US warns that there is no water at reactor 4 of
Japan's Fukushima nuclear plant, saying that radiation is
"extremely high". The chairman of the US Nuclear Regulatory
Commission Gregory Jaczko says:
In addition to the three reactors that were operating at the
time of the incident, a fourth reactor is also right now under
concern. This reactor was shut down at the time of the
"What we believe at this time is there has been a hydrogen
explosion in this unit due to an uncovering of the fuel in the
spent fuel pool," he said, noting the explosion happened several
days ago but its effects were cause for concern.
"We believe that secondary containment has been destroyed
and there is no water in the spent fuel pool and we believe that
radiation levels are extremely high which could possibly impact
the ability to take corrective measures."
18.13 The legal exposure limit for the workers is from 100
to 250 millisieverts, a move officials said was "unavoidable".
Most individuals will absorb 6 millisieverts a year, AP reports.
18.04 The White House says it is satisifed with the
information it is getting about the nuclear crisis in Japan and
is in contact with independent experts there. White House
spokesman Jay Carney says:
It is a crisis situation. The lead in dealing with the
crisis is the Japanese."
17.56 Foreign Office says Britons should now consider
leaving Tokyo and the north-east of the country. In a statement
the FCO said:
Regarding the situation at the Fukushima nuclear facility,
the most recent advice from the UK’s Chief Scientific Adviser
remains that for those outside the exclusion zone set up by the
Japanese authorities there is no real human health issue that
people should be concerned about. This advice is kept under
However, due to the evolving situation at the Fukushima
nuclear facility and potential disruptions to the supply of
goods, transport, communications, power and other infrastructure,
British nationals currently in Tokyo and to the north of Tokyo
should consider leaving the area...
17.47 Switzerland also advises that its citizens leave
north-east Japan and Tokyo.
17.45 The US embassy warns American citizens living within
50 miles of the Fukushima nuclear plant to evacuate or seek
shelter, AFP and Reuters report.
17.39 The Government's Chief Scientific Officer Professor
John Beddington has commented on the developments at Fukushima
nuclear plant. He says:
The problems with Chernobyl were people were continuing to
drink the water, continuing to eat vegetables and so on and that
was where the problems came from. That’s not going to be the case
17.36 Atsuko Fukase of the Wall Street Journal assesses
Tokyo Electric Power Co's poor handling of the media.
17.33 Reuters has released a haunting slideshow of Japan's
17.28 Jeremy Browne, Minister for State, has released this
statement on British assistance for Japan and the
misunderstanding with the International Rescue Corps:
The British Government has the greatest respect for the work
the International Rescue Corps does in disasters around the
world. The misunderstanding about their attempt to join the
Japanese earthquake and tsunami response is therefore most
"British Embassy staff made contact with the International
Rescue Corps team when they arrived in Tokyo. We sent a letter of
support to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs early on the morning
of 16 March at the request of the Japanese. Our staff followed
this up with phone calls to the Japanese Ministry of Foreign
Affairs. As is usual in international humanitarian responses, it
is right that the Japanese Government remains in control of the
situation and decides which search and rescue operations to
"Before the DFID Search and Rescue team left Britain for
Japan they had permission of the Japanese Government to travel
and the necessary support structures in place. On arrival in
Japan, IRC did not have the necessary transport and translation
support in place. The British Embassy in Tokyo provided support
to the IRC, but the final decision about what role they could
play in the rescue effort was made by the Japanese authorities."
17.25 Dr Adam Durant, of the University of Cambridge, tells
The Telegraph that if the wind changes the plume could be carried
over metropolitan areas. He says:
There is a plume of radioactive steam and particulates being
emitted from the power station. It is the wind field that
determines where these will be transported; to date the transport
direction has been out over the Pacific Ocean. Should this change
then the plume may be transported over land towards the urban
17.20 Thanks to The Telegraph TV team for these latest
videos. Japanese military helicopters attempt to cool the
Fukushima nuclear plant from the air, and highlights of the
emperor's rate television appearance.
17.15 Hillary Clinton, the US Secretary of State, tells
MSNBC that the nuclear crisis raises questions about the risks
and costs of nuclear energy.
17.10 Richard Alleyne, The Daily Telegraph's Science
Correspondent, answers the most important questions on Japan's
17.08 Excellent interactive graphic on the Japanese
earthquake and tsunami from The Telegraph's graphics team
17.04 The Japan Times reports that Tokyo has no plans to
increase supplies of iodine pills to anyone exposed to radiation.
16.59 Roy Wilshire, a member of the British rescue team in
Ofunato, tells the BBC:
We had a fire-fighter from the local fire service with us
whose own home had been destroyed by the tsunami but he had been
working every day since. When you see the people in the streets
and you can see the devastation in their eyes, this is a major
shock to them."
16.57 Hawaii News Now tweets:
Rebuilding northeast Japan to take years, billions: It took
only minutes for the earthquake and tsunami to devas...
16.53 The IAEA chief, Yukiya Amano, says, "It is not the
time to say things are out of control," when asked about the
comments by Guenther Oettinger. "The operators are doing the
maximum to restore the safety of the reactor," he adds.
16.48 London's FTSE 100 Index suffered another session of
heavy falls on Wednesday amid ongoing fears over Japan's nuclear
crisis and civil unrest in Bahrain.
Nervous investors continued to head for the exit after a
torrent of grim global news, with the Footsie slumping another
1.7% - closing down 97.1 points to 5,598.2.
The blue chip share index is now trading at its lowest level
for more than three months, with concerns of a nuclear
catastrophe as Japan battles to contain its earthquake damaged
16.47 The Japan Times tweets:
Rice stockpile stands ready: Kano
16.44 The official number of dead and missing after the
earthquake and tsunami nears 13,000 Japanese police say. The
number of confirmed dead from Friday's twin disasters stood at
4,314, while the official number of missing hit 8,606.
16.42 A number of ship owners are considering avoiding high
risk areas in Japan and could re-route their vessels due to fears
over the potential spread of radiation, shipping sources tell
16.41 Japan hopes to bulldoze a road to the No 3 reactor
building so water-pump trucks can approach and hose water inside,
Kazuya Aoki, a director of Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety
16.40 The US is to fly a spy plane over the stricken
Fukushima plant in a bid to get a closer look at the damage,
according to Kyodo news.
16.34 The head of the IAEA, Yukiya Amano, says he plans to
head to Japan as soon as possible to come back with "firsthand
information", AP reports
16.31 Watch the Telegraph's latest video asDisaster deepens
amid snow and radiation fears.
16.27 Praveen Swami, The Telegraph's Diplomatic Editor,
analyses Emperor Akihito's exceptional speech. He writes:
Dressed in a dark suit, and seated against a backdrop
designed to evoke the appearance of a traditional paper screens,
Emperor Akihito spoke in mannered but modern Japanese – not the
formal courtly language which is incomprehensible to many of the
16.23 The EU recommends checking Japanese food imports for
radioactivity. Earlier, Guenther Oettinger, the EU's energy
chief, said the situation at the Fukushima plant was "out of
control". He said:
"The site is effectively out of control. In the coming hours
there could be further catastrophic events which could pose a
threat to the lives of people on the island."
16.22 The Yen hits a 16-year high against the dollar
16.10: The Telegraph has created a Japan earthquake/tsunami
in pictures web page.
16.00: William Hague, the Foreign Secretary, has told the
Foreign Affairs Select Committee that any aid groups arriving in
Japan needed to be integrated with the wider relief operation or
to have their own logistical support. The UK team had neither.
15.50: Russia will begin evacuating dependents of its
diplomatic and commercial personnel in Tokyo by Friday in
response to the Japanese nuclear accident.
The evacuation plans cover the families of Russian embassy
and consulate employees, trade mission and other state offices,
the Foreign Ministry said.
15.47: Some US air crews in Japan have been given potassium
iodide tablets ahead of missions as a precaution against
radiation but no military personnel are showing symptoms of
radiation poisoning, the Pentagon has just reported: Two Reuters
15.46: The United States still wants to expand nuclear plant
construction despite the Japan disaster and sees nuclear power as
a key part of clean energy efforts, according to Steven Chu, the
Energy Secretary .
Testifying at a House subcommittee hearing about President
Barack Obama's request for energy funds in the fiscal year 2012
budget, Mr Chu defended the US nuclear industry, which provides
about 20 percent of America's power.
Nuclear energy "has an important role to play in our energy
portfolio," Chu said, noting that the president's budget asks
Congress for £22.4 billion in loan guarantee authority to
"jumpstart the domestic nuclear industry".
[A satellite image taken at 9:35 am local time (0035 GMT) on
March 16, 2011 of the smouldering remains of the Fukushima
Daiichi nuclear plant (Picture: REUTERS)]
15.41: The Moscow Circus has decided to interrupt its Japan
tour following the devastating earthquake and tsunami that
flattened the country's northeast coast, its deputy director has
The RIA Novosti news agency quoted Alexander Ogurtsov,
deputy director for international relations at the Moscow-based
Nikulin Circus, as saying:
After consulting with our Japanese partners we have decided
to interrupt our tour ... which was to last until March 21.
15.35: The people of Fukushima have been "pushed to the
limit" by the Japanese nuclear crisis, according to the governor
of the prefecture.
15.30: Tapanese authorities have reported concerns about the
condition of spent nuclear fuel pool at No 3 and 4 reactors at
the Fukushima plant, according to the International Atomic Energy
Four nuclear units have also sustained "core damage", said
the Vienna based U.N. nuclear watchdog.
Japanese officials are worried about the state of a pool
holding spent nuclear fuel at a reactor complex damaged by the
earthquake and tsunami, it said.
Yukiya Amano, the IAEA's secretary-general, said he planned
to go to Japan as early as Thursday.
It said Japan's defence minister had announced that
helicopters planned to drop water onto Unit 3, and officials were
also preparing to spray water into Unit 4 from ground positions,
and possibly later into Unit 3.
The agency reported:
Japanese authorities have reported concerns about the
condition of the spent nuclear fuel pool at Fukushima Daiichi
Unit 3 and Unit 4.
"Some debris on the ground from the March 14 explosion at
Unit 3 may need to be removed before the spraying can begin.
15.26: The UN Security Council has held a minute's silence
for the victims of Japan's earthquake disaster as UN Secretary
General Ban Ki-moon again offered help to counter the nuclear
The 15 ambassadors stood in silence with heads bowed for the
tribute. It came after the EU parliament also held a minute's
Ban Ki-moon discussed the nuclear crisis with Japan's Prime
Minister Naoto Kan on Wednesday, UN spokesman Martin Nesirky
The secretary general remains very concerned while
appreciating the government of Japan's efforts to contain the
risk to the population.
The secretary-general reiterated that the United Nations
stands ready to provide any additional support if requested.
[People queue in the snow to be tested for radioactive
contamination at an evacuation center for those living in the
exclusion zone surrounding the failed reactors in Fukushima.
(Picture: ADAM DEAN).]
15.17: Japan’s crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant risks
provoking a “major disaster" and was "effectively out of
control", the European Union’s energy chief has said.
Günther Oettinger, the EU Energy Commissioner, said there
could be catastrophic events within only a matter of hours.
Dr Oettinger, who represents the European Commission, the
27- nation EU’s executive arm, said a further deterioration in
the situation could lead to the deaths of people in Japan.
But Dr Oettinger told a European Parliament committee in
The site is effectively out of control. In the coming hours,
there could be further catastrophic events.
We are somewhere between a disaster and a major disaster.
We are very much concerned and deeply distressed by the
pictures we are seeing from Japan.
His comments came after the French government said Japan was
losing control of the situation at the nuclear power plant and
urged its nationals in Tokyo to leave the country or head to
Officials argued that if situation is not brought under
control within 48 hours the world was facing another "Chernobyl"
Eric Besson, the French Industry Minister, appeared to have
lost confidence in the Japanese industry.
Speaking about the situation at the Fukushima plant, Mr
Let’s not beat about the bush. They have visibly lost the
essential of control (of the situation).
That is our analysis, in any case, it’s not what they are
Japan's nuclear crisis wa developing according to the
"worst-case scenario" and that would have an effect on Rosatom's
plans for building nuclear power plants abroad, according to
Sergei Kiriyenko, the Russian state nuclear corporation.
A German Geiger counter suppliers has erported selling out
of the devices after demand from private and industrial customers
rose because earthquakes in Japan damaged nuclear power stations.
15.15: Further to Nick Allen's reports from Tokyo, Reuters
have filed this colour piece from the country's "ghost-town"
15.10: High radiation levels at Japan's earthquake-hit
nuclear plant prevented a military helicopter from dumping water
on a reactor.
15.05: Sea scallops are being used to monitor radiation
levels in Russia's Far East.
Radiation levels in Vladivostok, a city of 600,000 people
about 500 miles northwest of Japan's Fukushima nuclear plant,
rose to 14 microroentgens an hour earlier on Wednesday.
The regional emergencies ministry says up to 30
microroentgens an hour is considered safe.
Residents stocked up on iodine and nervously checked
radiation levels despite official reassurances there was no
danger from Japan's quake-damaged nuclear plant.
Russia's emergencies ministry said that radiation levels
remained normal and stressed that there was no risk for human
health and that no danger from radiation was expected but many
were not convinced
[Soldiers from Japan's Self Defence Force search for missing
people in Miyako and (right) Japan's Emperor Akihito (Pictures:
14.55: The crisis at Japan's Fukushima plant has become one
of the three biggest accidents in the history of nuclear power:
AFP has a look at the world's worst nuclear diasters (as seen by
ABC TV, the Australian public broadcaster.
14.40: US stocks have opened lower, under pressure from the
Japan nuclear crisis and renewed concerns about eurozone debt.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 71.83 points (0.61
percent) to 11,783.59 in early trade. Most European markets are
also down, including the FTSE100
14.30: The exodus of foreign bankers from Tokyo has
14.20: Japanese investors may reduce U.K. property holdings,
which include stakes in the largest real- estate investment
trusts, as they focus on rebuilding in their home country
following its strongest earthquake on record, Bloomberg reports.
14.10: The Japanese earthquake will cause catastrophic
economic damage as well and could tip the country back into
recession, resulting in losses of up to £124 billion for the
world's third largest economy, economists say.
Disruptions in Japan’s power supply after the world’s
strongest earthquake in more than six years may also hurt the
rest of the region, according to Standard & Poor’s, the ratings
Most economists believe the direct economic hit could hit 16
trillion yen (£124 billion), resulting in a contraction in second
quarter gross domestic product (GDP).
But they add that the economy will likely record a "sharp
rebound" in the latter half of 2011 as reconstruction investment
Rhee Chang Yong, the chief economist at the Asian
Development Bank, said Japan may enter a brief recession as a
result of its worst earthquake on record.
“The current quarter is going to be a negative shock,
definitely,” he said, adding that the economy will “probably”
"But from a longer-term perspective, we can expect the
recovery will be strong unless we have another disruption to
Reconstruction from the tsunami may help revive a farming
and manufacturing region that was already lagging behind the rest
of the economy.
Meanwhile, the financial and economic turmoil caused by the
Japanese nuclar crisis will be a factor in whether the European
Central Bank raises interest rates next month, the Bank of France
governor Christian Noyer said.
[A car drives at night through the cleared streets of
Yamada. (Picture: AFP/GETTY IMAGES)]
13.56: The spent fuel pool at Fukushima's No 3 reactor has
heated up and is emitting steam amid reports the fuel rods had
become exposed, the Kyodo news agency has reported.
13.45: The Japanese Prime Minister's office has launched an
English twitter account.
13.30: Yoko Ono, the former wife of John Lennon, Yoko Ono,
has given an interview to the BBC World Service programme
The Japanese people are very interesting in the sense that
they are a peaceful people. You see that even in the videos when
you're looking at it. You know there's no-one screaming and
shouting. They're just very sad and expressing sadness, more
sadness than anger I think.
13.25: Japan has raised the maximum radiation dose allowed
for nuclear workers, to 250 millisieverts (mSvs) from 100
millisieverts. A "normal" level is 3, while 400 mSvs, was what
was recorded at the plant at its peak. Officials described the
move as "unavoidable due to the circumstances", the AP reports.
Meanwhile, Thailand's public health ministry has said it
would hand out free iodine tablets to passengers at airports
where jets are departing for disaster-stricken Japan.
[A general view of the rubble and wreckage in Yamada.
(Picture: AFP/ GETTY IMAGES).]
13.20: The Telegraph's picture desk has compiled the 30 most
powerful images from the Japan quake.
13.10: Japanese police agency says 4,340 people confirmed
dead and 9,083 missing following earthquake and tsunami, NHK TV
13.05: And here is the Telegraph TV video: Japanese emperor
addresses nation in rare TV appearance
13.05: Further to our post at 0730, here is Vicky Ward's
story about Emperor Akihito expressing 'deep concern' over
Fukushima nuclear plant crisis.
13.00: Chris Huhne, Energy Secretary, has asked Dr Mike
Weightman, the chief nuclear inspector, to produce a thorough
report on the implications of the situation in Japan and the
lessons that can be learned from it for this country.
Mr Huhne is expecting an interim report by mid-May and for
the final review to be completed within six months.
The crisis in Japan is also likely to be top of the agenda
at a meeting of the Nuclear Development Forum, an industry body
chaired by Government, tomorrow.
12.55: Chico Harlan, The Washington Post's East Asia
correspondent has posted this on Twitter about the Emperor's
Wow, Emperor addressing Japan. That's like George Washington
making a live address to U.S.
12.48: Further to our post at 0930, David Cameron, the Prime
Minister told Question Time at the Commons:
I can tell the House what happened: the official rescue team
that was sent from the UK arrived in good time and have already
There was an extra, independent rescue team that didn't have
the correct documentation and so they did encounter some
problems. We are doing everything we can to make sure that they
can get access.
12.45: The evacuation area around the stricken Fukushima
plant has been extended by almost a mile, Jiji news agency
12.40: Kyokuto Petroleum Industries, the Japanese subsidy of
ExxonMobil, has reopened operations to produce 175,000 barrels
per day at its Chiba refinery, east of Tokyo, Reuters reports.
The refinery was shut on Friday after the quake.
12.39: The Bank of England has been contacted by officials
on a possible meeting of the Group of Seven nations in the
aftermath of the earthquake in Japan. A Bank spokesman declined
to comment further, Bloomberg reports.
Nicolas Sarkozy, the French President, told a cabinet
meeting on Wednesday that he would convene a special meeting of
G20 ministers to discuss options for the energy sector in the
wake of Japan's nuclear crisis.
Under the G20 framework, France will take the initiative to
gather together energy and economy ministers in the coming weeks
in order to discuss broad energy options for the world of
12.37: Kyodo also reports that the swimming world
championships have been postponed until the autumn.
12.36: Japan's largest petrochemical plant has shut down
following quake, Kyodo has reported.
12.30: Japanese police say the death toll has increased to
4,164 and the number of missing has risen to 7,843, the Wall
Street Journal Asia reports. The numbers jumped from 3,373 and
6,746, respectively, from the previous day.
[Earthquake survivors read newspapers in a shelter in
Otsuchi, northern Japan, after a snowfall. (Picture: AP).]
12.28: The UK science centre has just issued a new set of
quotes from experts in the field.
Dr Richard Wakeford, from the Dalton Nuclear Institute and
Visiting Professor of Epidemiology, University of Manchester,
The Japanese authorities have taken the appropriate actions
- evacuation of the surrounding area, a food ban, and the
distribution of iodine tablets - should a serious release of
radioactive material occur.
The levels of radiation experienced by the public at present
should be no cause for concern. The actions taken by the Japanese
authorities are designed to reduce the long-term risks.
The main objective if there were to be a release of
radioactive iodine is to limit the exposure of the thyroid glands
of young children - stopping the consumption of contaminated
foods and ‘blocking’ the thyroid with stable iodine are very
effective ways of doing this.
Prof Paddy Regan, of the Nuclear Physics department at the
University of Surrey, added:
“Is Tokyo safe? Tokyo is approx 200 km from the edge of the
This means that, assuming that any radiation is spread out
evenly if was to get airborne, the dose of radiation would be 1
part in approx. 40,000 (i.e. 1 forty thousandth) of that seen at
the edge of the plant.
Note that these are all UPPER estimates as they assume the
radiation levels will stay at these levels (they should drop as
the time elapses since the reactors were switched off.
Perhaps more importantly, they also assume that the plume
can reach Tokyo at all which is very, very unlikely (more likely
just to get to the edge of the 20 km exclusion zone). These are
also an over estimate most likely as any plume seems to be blown
over the sea anyway.
12.25: Twitter user Adrian Slew has just posted this on the
There are now over 205000 records posted on the Japanese
Earthquake Person Finder #japan #Quake #tsunami #nuke #disaster
[A photograph of a father and child that was found amongst
the debris in Natori (AFP/GETTY IMAGES)]
12.20: The New York Times has produced this excellent
interactive graphic on how a reactor shuts down and what happens
in a meltdown.
12.15: The British embassy in Tokyo, has posted this
information on its website about the coach trip from Sendai
tomorrow (Thursday). (See post 08.50)
The coach will be at our Consular Reponse Centre in Sendai
at the ANA Holiday Inn, 1-4-1 Shintera Wakabayashi-ku, Sendai,
Miyagi prefecture, 984-0051 Japan at 12:00 (midday) on 17 March.
All those interested in making this journey should register
passengers by contacting Donna Taylor at the British Embassy in
Tokyo on (+81) 80 3250 2924 or (+81) 35 211 1356 if calling from
the UK or 080 3250 2924 or 035 211 1356 if calling within Japan.
We must limit baggage to one piece of luggage per person.
A spokesman said the FCO continues to "advise against all
non essential travel to Tokyo and north eastern Japan given the
damage" caused by earthquake and resulting aftershocks.
12.10: Further to our post at 10.30 another powerful
aftershock has hit the east coast near Honshu.
12.02: China is to donate 10,000 tonnes of diesel and 10,000
tonnes of pertol to Japan to help meet severe shortages, China's
Xinhua news agency reports.
More than 430,000 people have been displaced by the disaster
and are staying in more than 2,400 shelters. The prefectures of
Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima are seeking to build 32,800 temporary
12.00: Self-Defense Forces reservists have been called up to
join relief efforts in quake-hit areas, Japanese Defense Minister
Toshimi Kitazawa said.
Reservists are civilians who used to be SDF officers and are
now registered to work for the SDF in the event of emergencies.
It was the first call-up of them, Jiji press agency reports.
[A house is pictured adrift in the Pacific Ocean off the
coast of Japan (Picture: REUTERS)]
11.55: David Baresch, a Telegraph Expat reader, has sent in
this evocative account of the immediate aftermath of the Japan
11.50: The Japanese Red Cross says Tokyo is safe for
11.45: Here are some measures people can take to protect
themselves from identified radiation sources, in this factbox put
together by Reuters. The news agency has also filed a Q + A about
the stricken Fukushima plant. And it has also compiled a list on
the effects on manufacturers.
11.40: Japan has cancelled a home friendly match against
Montenegro scheduled for next week following the massive
earthquake and tsunami that struck the country's Pacific coast.
But the Japan Football Association said it hoped to keep
alive another friendly next week against another quake-hit
nation, New Zealand, by turning it into a charity event at a new
venue unaffected by the disaster.
11.35: Further to our posts at 09.10 early tests showed
traces of radiation in tap water in Fukushima city, but later
tests were clear, local officials tell CNN.
11.30: A small crew of technicians, braving radiation and
fire, remaining at the Fukushima plant have perhaps become
Japan’s last chance of preventing a broader nuclear catastrophe,
the New York Times reports. The 50 "faceless, unnamed operators"
have volunteered, or been ordered, to pump seawater on
dangerously exposed nuclear fuel.
[Medical staff use a Geiger counter to screen a woman for
possible radiation exposure at a public welfare centre in Hitachi
11.25: Julian Ryall, reporting from Ishinomaki, meets the
children who have lost their parents, in a harrowing dispatch.
11.20: The National Police Agency says that 8,181 people
remained unaccounted for in six prefectures, Kyodo News Agency
reports wit death toll nearing 3,700. More than 80,000 workers
have now been mobilised for rescue work.
11.15: Japan has dropped a rule that normally prevents
foreign doctors practicing without a Japanese license, The Times
reports amid suggestions that the country is unable to cope with
only its own resources.
11.10: The Daily Yomiuri reports that the Tokyo
International Anime Fair, which was due to be held in the capital
from March 24-27, has been canceled due to the Japanese
11.00: A Japanese student studying in California found her
family alive on YouTube, CNN reports.
10.58: Japan will have to establish a Ministry of
Reconstruction in the aftermath of the quake and tsunami,
according to Japan's top government spokesman, Chief Cabinet
secretary Yukio Edano.
10.55: Sendai airport can land transport planes from
tomorrow, NHK reports.
[A Japanese military cargo helicopter mission was abandoned
above the stricken Fukushima nuclear power plant due to 'high
levels of radiation'. (Picture: AFP/GETTY IMAGES)]
10.49: Tokyo Electric says reactor's fuel rods may be
melting, Bloomberg reports.
NHK said temperature reached 89C, which was double the usual
level. Temperatures in units 5 and 6 are "higher than usual". All
three units were off-line when the earthquake struck because of
Police may now attempt to use a water cannon to cool the No
4 reactor. The jet is so powerful it is can reach a hole from
quite a distance into a hole in the roof, which is about 4 feet
10.45: China has suspended approval of new nuclear projects
and ordered a safety inspection of the country's nuclear
facilities, the State Council has said.
The State Council, or cabinet, told authorities to
"strengthen safety management" of existing nuclear plants and
"comprehensively inspect" facilities under construction as fears
mounted about harmful nuclear contamination from disaster-hit
China will “strictly” review all proposed nuclear power
projects and all nuclear plants under construction, the council
said after a meeting chaired by Premier Wen Jiabao.
The country will conduct safety inspections on all nuclear
facilities and improve safety management.
The meeting was held in response to radiation leaks from
Japan’s Fukushima nuclear plant triggered by a massive earthquake
and tsunami last week.
[Inter Milan's Yuto Nagatomo carries a Japanese flag after
his team won their Champions League round of 16 second leg match
against FC Bayern Munich in Munich, Germany (Picture: GETTY
10.40: The Tokyo-based Ueno Zoo is to postpone the public
display of a pair of giant pandas leased from China, the Kyodo
news agency reports.
Tama Zoological Park, Tokyo Sea Life Park and Inokashira
Park Zoo, will also be closed due to the risk from aftershocks
and in order to save electricity, it adds.
10.37: The governor of Japan's Fukushima prefecture says the
level of worry and anger among residents has been "pushed to the
Yuhei Sato told public broadcaster NHK:
This nuclear accident has forced people to evacuate far from
their homes. I want people to understand that.
I want the whole country to show understanding for those
leaving the prefecture.
The worry and anger of the people of Fukushima has been
pushed to the limit
Food, necessities and oil are on the way but have not yet
reached the shelters.
10.35: The World Health Organisation has denied there is
evidence of any significant spread of radiation.
Michael O'Leary, a spokesman, has urged governments and
members of the public to take steps to halt rumours about "a
threatening radiation cloud spreading across Asia".
10.33: Here is an extraordinary photo showing the way the
Japanese live. As a colleague pointed out, even when facing
untold misery, dwindling aid supplies and unprecedented
hard-ship, some manage to find enough food for a meal of fish,
rice and vegetables.
[Tsunami survivors cook and eat in front of their damaged
house in Ishinomaki (Picture: AP)]
10.30: Japan has been hit by a series of aftershocks, some
as high as six magnitude, causing new problems for survivors and
10.27: Reconstruction efforts will take at least five years,
according to experts.
10.25: Japanese military helicopters attempt to dump water
onto reactors at the crippled Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear complex
in a desperate effort to cool them down. (further to post 07.)45
10.15: A fresh row has erupted in America after Glenn Beck,
the right-wing radio host and television presenter, described the
Japanese earthquake as a message from God.
10.05: Rachel Harvey, a BBC correspondent in Ofunato, on the
country's eastern coast says:
There is the odd ATM sign and road sign still standing but
everything else here has been flattened.
This is the scene of a pretty sizeable search-and-rescue
operation but it is rapidly becoming a search for bodies, and not
[The moment the major quake hits off the coast of Japan
10.00: Here is one of the most effective the graphics
explaining how the earthquake unfolded, set to music and uploaded
09.55: National Geographic has published the 20 most
"Unforgettable Pictures" from the Japan quake.
09.50: Water is being poured into reactors No.5 and No.6 at
Fukushima's Daiichi nuclear power plant, the operating company
told news conference, according to Reuters.
09.45: Prof David Spiegelhalter, from the University of
Cambridge, told the BBC that fear is exacerbated by a lack of
understanding about nuclear power.
Nuclear issues really tick all the boxes when it comes to
peoples' fears. It's been researched very well that it's an area
where all the things that make people shudder come to the fore
The idea of some sort of invisible threat, something you
can't see - it's associated with cancer, people don't feel in
control of it, you cannot just get to the high ground.
There is a real emotional, gut feeling response to it. And
of course it is usually tied in with trust - with trust in
authorities, in the electricity company and in what you are being
And that takes a long time to build up, even in situations
when there is no apparent risk. So it's a very tricky issue.
[Stranded workers stay the night at Tokyo City Hall after
the Japan earthquake (Picture: AP).]
09.40:A statement released from TEPCOsays that there was no
evidence of a fire at the No 4 reactor.
At approximately 5:45 am, a TEPCO employee discovered a fire
at the northwest corner of the Nuclear Reactor Building while
transporting a battery to the central control room of Unit 4 of
Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station.
TEPCO immediately reported this incident to the fire
department and the local government. In addition, TEPCO also
contacted related parties about this incident and began immediate
preparations to extinguish the fire. (previously announced)
However, during an inspection at approximately 6:15 am,
TEPCO staff found no signs of fire. The area will be kept under
09.35:Nick Allen again from Tokyo:
Like elsewhere in Tokyo the airport shop has run out of
tofu. Because of its iodine content it was the first thing to go
from the shelves.
A large number of Dutch people are very annoyed as their
flight out of Tokyo has been cancelled and they are going to be
bussed to another airport.
'They told us it was cancelled because it was dangerous,'
says one Dutchman.
'How can it be dangerous if you’re flying away from it?'
[Rescue workers hold a girl they rescued from a building
after the tsunami hit Kesennuma (Picture: REUTERS)]
09.30: A British rescue team said it has been prevented from
travelling to the disaster zone in Japan because the embassy in
Tokyo refused to issue the necessary documentation.
Willie McMartin, from the International Rescue Corps, said a
team of 12 volunteers had been give permission by the Japanese
embassy in London to join the rescue effort in the north of the
But when they arrived in Tokyo, they were unable to get any
further because the British Embassy would not give them the
papers they needed.
Foreign Office Minister Alistair Burt said he would look
into what had happened.
"I will see what the situation is in relation to Mr
McMartin's case and we will get an answer extremely quickly
09.20: The helicopter mission to drop water on the
quake-stricken reactor to cool it down has been abandoned because
of high radiation levels, the Kyodo news agency quotes a defence
09.10: Mr Edano confirmed that an operation to inject more
water into reactor four is close to being launched. He confirms
military helicopters are dropping water onto the reactor (see
He urged "private sector support and understanding" and also
pleaded for help to provide aid supplies. He said he did not have
any information about radiation leaking in water supplies.
He told reporters in Toyko:
We are making preparations to go down the reactors. The
water has not been injected yet but preparations are underway.
09.05: The Chief Cabinet secretary Yukio Edano is addressing
a live news conference. Will report shortly but he confims no
immediate health risks.
[A wheelchair is seen in the earthquake and tsunami ravaged
town of Natori, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan (Picture: EPA)]
09.00: A new wiki-style online service using Google sites
has been launched that provides "useful information for quake
survivors" in Japan. It provides information about what to eat
and how to stay warm. People can edit it and add to it through a
Google account, as reported by Sandra Barron, a Tokyo-based
08.55: A General Electric engineer said he resigned 35 years
ago over concern about the safety of a nuclear reactor design
used in the now crippled Fukushima Daiichi plant in Japan.
08.50: The Foreign Office is to operate a coach for stranded
Britons in Sendai to return to Tokyo, Alastair Burt tells Sky
News. It will at lunchtime on Thursday.
08.45: The Kyodo News Agency, which has become one of the
main sources of news in Japan, has filed a detailed factbox
updating what the latest status is of reactors at the Fukushima
nuclear power plants.
08.40: Here are the latest images of the damaged Japanese
nuclear reactor and tsunami and earthquake wreckage.
08.35: Overnight the Bank of Japan injected 3.5 trillion yen
(£26.8 billion) into the ailing financial system.
08.30: The price of hiring private jets has dramatically
risen by as much as 20 per cent as thousands of people
desperately try to flee Japan, Reuters reports.
[Snow falls over the debris in Sendai (Picture: AP)]
08.25: The weather has turned for the worse in many parts of
Japan as snow falls and temperatures plummet below freezing.
08.22: Overnight Japan's nuclear safety agency admitted that
almost three quarters of the nuclear fuel rods at the Fukushima
plant may have been damaged following an explosion.
The agency said the damage occurred in Unit 1 of the
Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear complex.
08.20: European stocks edged slightly higher in opening
trade, recovering some lost ground following heavy losses sparked
by fears that Japan's nuclear crisis could stall the global
London's benchmark FTSE 100 index added 0.10 percent to
5,700.81 points, Frankfurt's DAX 30 gained 0.73 percent to
6,696.31 points and in Paris the CAC 40 rose 0.53 percent to
[A clock in amongst the wreckage in the town of Kesennuma
tells the time of when the tsunami hit on March 11, 2011
08.15: The Australian Science Media centre have issued a
question and answer with Peter Burns, the former chief excecutive
of the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency
Q: How is the current Japanese situation different to
A: Chernobyl did not have a containment vessel and a large
fraction of the inventory of volatile fission produces was
released. Releases to date have been minor. If there is a major
meltdown and the containment vessels are breached to some degree
it is still likely that much of the radioactive material would be
Q: Radiation levels at the plant reached 400 milli-Sieverts
per hour (mSv/h). What does this number mean, is it comparable to
other sources of radiation (x-ray etc)? How is it comparable to
the radiation released at Chernobyl or 3 Mile Island?
A: Current international recommendations allow for planned
exposures up to 100mSv when dealing with accidents. At 400mSv
this would occur in 15 minutes, so 400 mSv/h is a high exposure
rate. A dose of 400mSv is comparable to the dose from 50 -100 CT
Q: How dangerous are these levels for the plant crews?
A: The risk of fatal cancer from a dose of 100mSv is
comparable to the risks associated with those from the high end
of risky occupations, ie for other types of emergency
Q: How dangerous are these levels for the general population
in the surrounding area and further afield? There is currently a
20-km exclusion zone around the plant.
A: Doses from the plant fall off quickly. With a 20km
exclusion zone in place doses to the public would be low in
comparison to those from natural background radiation.
[This young family are boarding the bullet train departing
from Tokyo's station (Picture: EPA)]
08.10:Nick Allen again from Tokyo:
Tokyo's normally smooth infrastructure is shuddering. The
express train to the airport is cancelled and people are piling
on to buses which take two hours to get there. One woman
clutching her young son told me. 'I have to get out for him. I
don't want him to get sick'.
The school holidays have started and many of those leaving
are women with small children.
More people are fleeing on bullet trains from Tokyo Station.
It's mostly women with small children and large suitcases heading
west and south. The bullet trains north have been cancelled
because of the nuclear disaster.
The hotels in Osaka are said to be full. Others people are
heading for Hiroshima.
One woman, a lawyer with two children, says 'we're leaving
partly because of the blackouts but there's also a psychological
effect from the nuclear problem, and my office is shut'.
08.05: A number of governments including Turkey and
Australia have upgraded their travel advice to Japan, warning
against all but essential travel to the country.
Here is a run-down on the current travel advice, as reported
08.02: The number of confirmed dead now stands at 3,771, NHK
TV reports. There are nearly 8,000 people missing.
07.56: TEPCO says it has recorded the "highest level" of
radiation at the No 3 reactor, Sky has reported.
07.45: A Japanese military twin-rotor cargo helicopter has
been seen mid-air on a mission to dump water onto fuel rods in
the reactor at the stricken Fukushima nuclear power plant,
television images broadcast by NHK showed.
The Self-Defence Forces twin-rotor CH-47 Chinook was shown
taking off and flying to the plant by public television NHK, but
it did not immediately broadcast images of a water dump.
A defence ministry official said the military had received
orders at 4 pm (0700 GMT) to send one CH47 to the Fukushima
plant. Several other helicopters were on standby.
An official at the ministry's ground staff office said:
We know how to put out forest fires, but not a nuclear
plant. It's the first time for us so we don't know what the
result will be.
There are unknowns - what the radioactive risks are and
whether dumping the water will be successful. But since this is
an emergency, the government has decided to do it this way.
[Medical staff use a Geiger counter to screen a photographer
for possible radiation exposure at a public welfare center in
Niigata (Picture: REUTERS)]
07.40: Nick Allen reports from Tokyo:
Scenes of organised chaos at Tokyo's Narita Airport as
people from all walks of life head out of the city. People
sleeping on the floor with blankets.
The departures queue stretches for 200 yards with people
three abreast. One person said it was '10 times as busy as
normal'. Flights are full. One woman told me she was fleeing the
Some men are sending their kids off to somewhere further
07.30: The Japanese Emperor Akihito has addressed the
nation, in a rare, heart-felt public address saying: "I pray for
the safety of as many people as possible".
Commentators say it was an extraordinarily rare appearance
by the emperor and his first public comments since last week's
devastating earthquake and tsunami, which he described as
"unprecedented in scale".
The 77-year-old monarch, who is held in deep respect by many
Japanese, admitted the country still did not know how many people
had died in the twin disasters.
[Japan's Emperor Akihito speaks during a televised address
to the nation in Tokyo (Picture: REUTERS)]
He admitted he was "deeply worried' about the nuclear plant
situation and its "unpredictable" nature.
He thanked the emergency personnel, both from Japan and
abroad, for their efforts to locate the missing and help
survivors battling difficult conditions including increasing cold
temperatures in the affected zone.
He also praised the Japanese people for their calm nature
amid what can only be described as horrific conditions and
While the emperor has given occasional pre-recorded press
conferences on milestones including his birthday and before
overseas trips, the suddenness of the message, its simultaneous
airing on national TV and its content were "unprecedented".
Japan's NHK TV said it was the first time the emperor has
used a video message to convey his feelings to the Japanese
people. After the earthquake in Kobe in 1995, which killed more
than 6,400 people, Emperor Akihito issued a written statement.
The emperor and his wife, Empress Michiko, have voluntarily
agreed to cut electricity to their Tokyo residence for two hours
a day, in solidarity with those subject to power rationing
measures in the capital, Kyodo News later reported.
He said in a pre-recorded address:
The number of people killed is increasing day by day and we
do not know how many people have fallen victim.
We don't know the number of victims, but I pray that every
single person can be saved.
I sincerely hope that we can keep the situation from getting
worse. I sincerely hope that the people will overcome this
unfortunate time by engendering a sense of caring for other
People are being forced to evacuate in such severe
conditions of bitter cold, with shortages of water and fuel.
I cannot help praying that rescue work is done swiftly and
people's lives get better, even a little.
I wish to thank (rescuers) for their rescue efforts around
I have received messages of condolence from heads of state
of various countries with kind words that their hearts are with
the victims. Allow me to convey the words to people in the
[Heavy snow falls on a factory area devastated by an
earthquake and tsunami in Sendai (Picture: REUTERS).]
0715: Here a recap of the Telegraph's Japan coverage on
* Andrew Gilligan, reports from Nasushiobara, that residents
are fleeing as quake fears spread.
* Japan was warned more than two years ago by the
international nuclear watchdog that its nuclear power plants were
not capable of withstanding powerful earthquakes, leaked
diplomatic cables disclose.
* Japan's ongoing nuclear emergency has been compared to an
"apocalypse" by the European Union's energy commissioner as
dangerous levels of radiation were detected around the
disintigrating power plant after a fourth explosion.
* Nick Allen reports from Tokyo that as radioactive wind
blows, the country's capital watches and waits in fear.
* Japan nuclear plant disaster: everything you need to know
about radiation health risks.
* Britain's nuclear reactors will be subjected to natural
disaster safety tests in response to the disaster in Japan.
* Britain's ambassador to Japan has given a clear signal
that UK citizens are likely to be among the casualties of the
tsunami saying there are "serious concerns" for up to 50 Britons.
* Rare moments of hope for rescuers combing through the
rubble and matchwood wreckage for survivors from the country's
[The damaged third (left) and fourth reactors at the
Fukushima power plant (Picture: AFP/GETTY IMAGES)]
07.00: The evacuation order for nuclear plant workers has
been lifted, NHK, the Japanese broadcaster reports.
06.55: Workers at the Fukushima plant have returned after
being evacuated, CNN reports, quoting TEPCO.
06.50: South Korea is planning to ship boric acid to Japan,
the Kyodo news agency reports. The Japanese government requested
the susbstance, which is used to stop fission nuclear reactions,
after supplies ran to dangerously low levels at the Fukushima
nuclear power plant.
06.45: Panic has spread throughout parts of Asia with hoax
news alerts warning the Philippines would be hit with radiation
from Japan's damaged nuclear power plant.
Authorities were forced to issue advisories discrediting the
reports, which circulated via mobile phone messages and social
The justice secretary warned those behind the fake alerts
could be prosecuted after the alerts sparked wide-spread anger
and confusion. Panicked schools sending their pupils home.
The Philippine Nuclear Research Institute said on Tuesday
There is no scientific and technical basis that a
radioactive plume or nuclear fallout from Fukushima-Daiichi
Nuclear Power Plants will hit... the Philippines.
[Sailors on board USS Ronald Reagan aircraft carrier load
food and water onto an Sea Hawk helicopter (Picture: REUTERS).]
06.35: The official toll of people confirmed dead and
missing has now reached 11,000, with 3,676 confirmed dead and a
further 7,558 missing.
06.30: Tokyo shares have continued to rally throughout the
day, with Nikkei 225 closing up 5.68 percent on what experts have
described as "bargain hunting" following a huge two-day selloff.
But stocks in the operator of the Fukushima plant, Tokyo Electric
Power Company (TEPCO), have been heavily hit, plunging 24 per
cent during trading.
The Financial Times reports the previous days falls were the
index's third largest daily drop in its history.
06.15: Japanese self-defense forces are preparing to pour
water on to the No. 3 reactor from a helicopter to try to cool
the fuel rods, NHK has reported.
06.05: A rise in radiation levels at the stricken Fukushima
nuclear plant has forced workers to suspend operations, a
government spokesman has admitted. The decision was taken after
smoke was seen rising from No.3 reactor.
[Rescue workers walk past wreckage during a heavy snowfall
at a factory area devastated by the earthquake and tsunami in
Sendai (Picture: REUTERS)]
06.00 GMT: Good morning and welcome back to The Telegraph's
live rolling coverage of the devastating earthquake in Japan and
the nuclear crisis that has engulfed the country.
Japan earthquake: as it happened March 15Japan earthquake
and tsunami as it happened on March 14Japan earthquake and
tsunami as it happened on March 13Japan earthquake and tsunami as
it happened on March 12Japan earthquake and tsunami as it
happened on March 11
-0- Mar/16/2011 19:17 GMT
Copyright (c) 2011
Миллиардер 2011-03-16 22:21:18
и главное шортящие уроды не боятся шортить бэквордацию в -75 пунктов на РИ. я вообще не понимаю что там происходит с фьючерсом.Прикладной трейдинг (дневник упрямого трейдера) МегаБлог
Миллиардер 2011-03-16 22:21:18
и главное шортящие уроды не боятся шортить бэквордацию в -75 пунктов на РИ. я вообще не понимаю что там происходит с фьючерсом.Прикладной трейдинг (дневник упрямого трейдера) МегаБлог
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